The Powerhouse in Jersey City – A Great Historical Engineering


The powerhouse in Jersey City is one of the most breathtaking architectural landmarks in the metropolitan area. Once the embellished electrical engine of what is now the PATH rapid transit system, the Powerhouse stands as a rare reminder of America's glorious Gilded and Industrial Ages. The New York Times has hailed it as a "cathedral … a masterpiece of brickwork." This major historical preservation campaign hopes to make elected officials and prospective developers acutely aware of the Powerhouse's potential of becoming a massive cultural and / or commercial waterfront property.

Jersey City lawyer William G. McAdoo built it. President Theodore Roosevelt activated it. Thomas Edison toured it. And four professional photographers documented it – the Hudson & Manhattan Railroad Powerhouse in Downtown Jersey City.

A relic from Jersey City's industrial age, the Powerhouse is a Romanesque Revival structure built in 1908 by McAdoo, among others. Powered by coal, which generated steam that ran the transformers, the Powerhouse was the electrical source for the H & M trains and stations, including the Hudson Terminal, where the World Trade Center stands today.

On the Powerhouse's very first day of operation, Feb. 25, 1908, President Theodore Roosevelt dispatched a telegram from the White House instructing engineers to activate the first train to run through a series of tunnels and tubes under the Hudson River from Newark to New York. This historical event connected the island of Manhattan with the rest of the country for the very first time.

The Powerhouse shut down operations in 1929, and the subway system has developed into the PATH system. Since then, the roof deteriorated, windows were broken and boilers, turbines and dynamos were all sold for scrap. Kids in the neighborhood called it "Frankenstein's Castle."

Despite neglect, the structure remains solid, and there's a talk of turning it into a museum or shopping mall. Meanwhile, the Jersey City Landmark Conservancy hopes to see the Powerhouse listed with New Jersey's Register of Historic Places.


Directly across the Hudson River from the World Trade Center, the Powerhouse is one block from the waterfront where ferries and water taxis arrive from lower and midtown Manhattan. It is a few blocks from three different PATH stations – the subway trip from the World Trade Center takes 3 minutes and the longest trip, from 33rd Street and 6th Avenue, takes under 15 minutes. For visitors traveling by car, it's less than a mile from the New Jersey Turnpike and the Holland Tunnel, and on-site parking is possible. In addition, three Hudson-Bergen Light Rail stations are within walking distance of the Powerhouse.


The Powerhouse is surrounded by new office buildings, malls, hotels, luxury residential complexes; restored historic districts; and the nearby attractions of the Statue of Liberty, Ellis Island, Liberty State Park and the Liberty Science Center.

The site is across the street from "WALDO," Jersey City's art district. This is an eight-block area of ​​historical warehouses in which artists, and only artists, are allowed to live. WALDO already has one building with 300 artist studios and another that's being developed for 133 work / live spaces. Several other warehouses will be developed soon, and plans are forming for an arts high school, theaters, restaurants, galleries and other art-related retail.


The structure is steel framed and exterior brick walls are 28 "thick. There are twelve lines of columns running north to south and fourteen lines running east to west. The largest windows are 1,300 square feet each (the largest of their kind on the East Coast ) and on the east side is a sliding access door large enough to admit a railroad car. 200 x 200 feet, offers sweeping, unobstructed views of Manhattan.


The Powerhouse is in a State Urban Enterprise Zone and qualifies for grants, low interest loans, reduced sales taxes and other benefits.

Because the building is eligible for historic design, historical tax credits equivalent to 20% of redevelopment costs would be available.

New Jersey's new adaptive re-use building codes save 10% – 30% on renovation.

The State of New Jersey contributed millions towards the construction of the Performing Arts Center in Newark and may do likewise here.

Redevelopment would save the Port Authority demolition costs estimated to be in the $ 50 million range – savings that could have been shared with a developer.


The 1908 inauguration of the Powerhouse was so important that President Theodore Roosevelt, sitting in the White House, thread the opening switch.

The Powerhouse not only provided electricity to the "Hudson Tubes" (now known as PATH) but also to what was the world's largest office complex, the Hudson Terminals.


"It is like some ancient, partly ruined cathedral … A masterpiece of brickwork."
-Christopher Gray, The New York Times, November 18, 1990

"An elegant brute of steel and brick."
-Steve Strunsky, The New York Times, September 12, 1999

"One of the most impressive examples of the urban industrial system powerhouse as a building type whose survival is becoming increasingly rare."
-Dorothy P. Guzzo, NJ State Historic Preservation Office, 1999

The Powerhouse Has Been Prominently Featured In The New York Times.

Details Info Will be Found At Jersey City Landmarks Conservancy: http: //www.jclandmarks.orgar

Radon Risks in NJ Property and Related Insurance

According to the NJ Department of Health and the NJ Department of Environmental Protection – also known as NJDEP – any resident in the state of New Jersey is at risk radon penetrating their property. As such, they are urging all home owners, renters, landlords and business property owners to have their premises tested.

What is radon?

Radon is a natural radioactive gas that can be found in the soil or rocks and move into a structure through the cracks and openings of its foundation. Radon has been determined to cause lung cancer. Due to the fact that radon is colorless and cannot be detected by a particular odor or smell, both state agencies advice residents to have their homes tested by a professional radon testing company or through do-it-yourself kits that can be bought at local hardware shops, home improvement stores and directly from the manufacturers at an inexpensive price.

“I strongly encourage every NJ resident to test their home for radon,” cautions Acting Health Commissioner Christopher R. Rinn. “Elevated levels of radon have been found in homes located in every NJ county!”

According to officials, tobacco smokers are at highest risk from radon exposure.

By visiting the NJ Radon Organization’s website, residents can learn more about the associated warnings.

In regard to insurance, homeowners may wonder if they are covered for testing and/or mitigation of the gas if it is found.

The reality is that a standard home insurance policy will only cover a sudden or unexpected peril, like fire or theft. When it comes to things that should be part of a regular home maintenance routine – like testing for radon before a home is even purchased – there would be no coverage should the radon be detected afterward.

The professional radon tester and mitigate, however, is privy to related professional liability insurance coverage, just like others who test for and remove hazardous materials.

The insurance is especially created for:

• Any contractor and laboratory that can test for the existence of radon gas in soil that is around residential or other buildings and structures


• for the contractor that also provides radon elimination services from a property

This type of insurance protects from related lawsuits pertaining to errors and omissions and associated damages.

Of course, like any specialized coverage, there are variables and complicated issues. It is therefore best to sit down with a member of an experienced and knowledgeable independent insurance agency to explain individualized situations and concerns and have him and her present the tailored type of policy that can optimize your protective coverage.

French Country Inn Dining – The Silver Spring Farm French Restaurant in Flanders, NJ

Recently, the movie "Julie & Julia" has debuted on silver screens across the country and has reignited in many of us our passion for exceptional cuisine. While Julie and Julia of the movie explore the unexpectedly challenging tasks of mastering French cuisine at home, my wife Fran and I had our palettes reigned for the equally satisfying joys of eating at a fine French restaurant.

But where to go?

Living 48 minutes from Midtown Manhattan and its seemingly endless inventory of elegant French restaurants, bistros and cafés definitely has its advantages; but this time we decided to aim our GPS West to see if we could discover a more "country inn" type of establishment to fill the bill.

We recognize that our Garmin Novi GPS is, in reality, a remarkable electronic Ouija board. We touch the screen, ask a question:

"Hermione, (that's what we call our GPS because she speaks with a British accent) is there a fine French country inn within a half tank of gas west of our home here in Maplewood, New Jersey?"

"Re-Calculating … at the bottom of the driveway – turn – left."

And in an instant [well, more like 45 minutes], we arrived in Flanders, New Jersey and Silver Spring Farm French Restaurant. This charming Inn is conveniently located very close to Route 80 near Budd Lake and the hamlet of Mount Olive.

Arriving an hour earlier than our 5:00 reservations, we were, none the less, blessed by the "Grande Dame" of the Inn herself, Jacqueline Ivaldi. Standing with perfect post at the reserves station, she smiled and said, "Bienvenue! Welcome to Silver Spring Farm."

"Thank you, we are an hour early and we're wondering if we could get an early seating."

Feigning, seriousness she actually walked back into an empty dining room peered around and then returned to the station. "Yes, you are in luck" she said, "We can squeeze you in."

We all had a good laugh and knew immediately that we had made the right decision to visit with Jacqueline, her husband Chef Guy Ivaldi, and their son Jean-Jacques (who trained at the renovated Hotel School of Lausanne, Switzerland) They have been running The French Restaurant at Silver Spring Farm since the early 1940's. Here refugees from a devastated Post WWII France could get out of their strange and unfamiliar New York City environs and "vacation" not too far from the city for a weekend or sometimes longer with conviviality, bonhomie and, of course, incomparable French cuisine.

Silver Spring Farm has a website, so I will not waste time here listing their unique and distinguished menu here. I will, however, give two pieces of advice. First, go there hungry. The portions are generous and irresistible; and, trust me; you do not want to find yourself full before the dessert. Second, ask about off-the-menu specials. I had a chicken, beef, lamb sampler in three different sauces that I can re-experience days later by simply closing my eyes and touching the tip of my tongue to my palate, yum.

Renting an Apartment With Bad Credit Or Broken Lease in Newark New Jersey

Newark, a bursting city of close to 300,000 people, is the largest city in the state of New Jersey and is located in Essex County. The city is located in close proximity to New York City and is also home to variousweighty corporations. This makes it the ideal place to live and work if you are looking for work or academic opportunities. Area apartments are also in hot demand as individuals, businessmen and women and also students flock to Newark. To rent an apartment in Newark, one must expect a credit check and a rental history check which typically designed see credit-worthiness are and also detect any prior broken leases. If you have spotty credit or a prior lease agreement that was broken with a previous apartment, you may be denied a rental apartment in Newark.

Applicants in the Newark area trying to rent an apartment with bad credit usually encounter a brick wall in that these are not easy to locate. This is because they are few and the ones that exist do not want to develop a reputation of leasing to subprime tenants less their rates tumble. Bad credit apartment renters in Newark are there foreced to conduct an extra search of places which will accept them and this can quickly translate into frustration. But this is not to mean that there will not be a few that will be willing to consider your situation. To locate broken lease or bad credit apartments in Newark, here are a few locations:

  • Forest Hill
  • Roseville
  • Dayton
  • East Ward and more …

The above list is not a perfect list. There are many apartments in these locations that will NOT rent to people with subprime credit just as there will be apartments that are not on the list that will consider your situation. So this is just a rough outlines of places where you can begin your search. To narrow down, you might want to enlist other tools for instant, the Internet. Here you can pull up various apartment rental units in the Newark area that are ready to lease to people with poor credit or a broken rental agreement. You can also use an apartment locator. Apartment locators in Newark may unearth helpful tips that can lead you to a place where you can rent even with damaged credit.

Remember that even if you are able to finally locate these apartments, you have to fulfill other basic requirements such as having a job for six months, earning enough to pay the rent and also be able to pass a background check.

Home Rule Versus Consolidation

The Joint Legislative Committee on Government Consolidation and Shared Services held its first meeting on 8/806. Senator Robert Smith the Committee's Co-Chairman said "home rule has lead to New Jersey having the highest property tax burden of any State in the United States". However, he said that their is no single silver bullet to resolve New Jersey's excessive property tax burden. Neverheless, the committee is charged with coming up with a legislative action plan to be submitted to the Legislature.

Senator Smith believes New Jersey should look to states that readily on county school districts, instead of the local administration in New Jersey that has produced more school districts than towns. He called it the most inefficient system in the country. In an August 9, 2006 Asbury Park Press article called "Sharing Services May Not Pay Off" a New Jersey School Board Association spokesman said the current law provides that if school districts merge, the larger district's union contract is to be the one used – – even if its salies are more generous and there fore costlier to taxpayers.

Before before the committee reported that the State has 1,389 different entities that can levy property taxes, including municipalities school districts and fire districts. What follows me after listening to the testimony given to the committee about the history of consolidation in New Jersey is the disjointed, fragmented, locally driven parochial measures that have dragged the State into its current State of law and practice regulating consolidation.

Ultimately, I believe there is not enough political courage, legislators realize that coercing consolidation will likely cause them to lose their job, This is especially true if the State uses the stick approach and forces consolidations that at best "over time" saves only 10% to 20% in costs and therefore reduces property taxes by a like amount. What is worse is that consolidation in some cases could wind up costing more!

I am waiting for the discussion to remark on which local municipal services are essential local government functions and at what cost. Further, if they do not belong at the municipal government level then which government level should fund them? I believe New Jersey will shift certain local government and school functions to a higher level of government in the State and establish appropriate cost and service levels. District schools consolidated at the county level, the prosecutor's office, county jails, county school superintendents, moved to the State level. But, this represents a very daunting task for a legislative committee to assemble into a legislative action plan by November 15, 2006.

Why do New Jersey residents cling to the concept of home rule? It is because they like their local school who teachers and principal they know. They like knowing the people who serve on their local planning and zoning boards, they like their local recreation programs and fear that under consolidation that may be spirited off to some other venue if local control was lost. Some residents in small towns have built up a report with their local public works staff to get their roads plowed first … so that their husband can get to work on the midnight shift. Other like the patrol car coming by once a day, or the fact that the local police are the first to arrive when there is the need to call an ambulance.

These are the items that build character into a community that people want to retain. I believe that generally people do not care who the business administrator is, or who the assessor is, what office handles the collection of taxes (but lets not have to drive to the county seat to pay our quarterly property tax bill). I do not believe people generally care about whether their town has civil service or not. I would venture to guess most residents do not even know which departments in their town are governed by civil service rules. Home rule has its virtues but at what cost will property taxpayers say the hell with home rule. At some point coercion to consolidate is not coercion if it is the will of the people said Senator Smith of the committee. Has the property tax burden on home owners in New Jersey reached the breaking point so that New Jersey legislators and the governor will favor the big stick approach of mandatory consolidation?

Basically, property taxpayers want services that can afford, service levels that will maintain the character of their towns that support the values ​​incorporated in their homes which is their largest source of wealth in most cases. People also want their services delivered in the most economical way possible. Senator Smith said to reduce New Jersey's average property tax on home owners to the national average will take a very big vision answer.

Here Hester in an Asbury Park Press article on 7/3/06 called "Some In NJ May Be Big Loser" said a 2003 Rutgers University study found that reducing the New Jersey's 616 school districts by half would save $ 365 million after four years, doing little to cut the $ 20 billion collected annually in the New Jersey property tax. Hester went on to quip that the State has set aside $ 600 million in the current year's State budget to cut property taxes, but it would have to cut property taxes by $ 6 billion to put itself at the national property tax average for the average home owner.

Senator Joseph Kyrilos, Jr. noted at the committee meeting that in New Jersey 50,000 people have ben added to the government payroll over the last five years while 120,000 business jobs have been lost. I think his point was you have to be careful about trying to extract more taxes from the business community. Others at the committee meeting noted that property taxes in New Jersey have risen three times faster than personal income in New Jersey over the last five years.

Testimony at the committee hearing from administrators in the front line of consolidating local government services said that consolidation is not the panacea to New Jersey's excess property tax burden. Those administrators said after 30 years of trying various consolidation laws, consolidation is just a finger in the dam. Further testimony at the hearing reported that New Zealand went through a government upheaval and accomplished a 20% reduction in local government employees and reduced their over 600 government units to 80. The course of the New Zealand is to go after the big buck items. If consolidation is just done on the margin then it will represent nothing but a castle of sand — a lot of work undone in a moment with the next wave of property tax increases.

Cheap Jersey City Hotels Near New York

Jersey City is known for its landmark attractions, action-packed nightlife and the unmatched quality of the community. It stretches from the Greenville neighborhood towards the hustle & bustle of the downtown area. Whether it’s the fast expanding skyline, the transport system or the collection of schools,City is a mixture of diversity and growth. Aside from a host of cultures and ethnicities, it has become an ideal location near New York City. In fact, certain developments like the Goldman Sachs Building which is noted as one of the world’s 200 tallest buildings bring in more visitors to this city whether to find work, to study, as a retirement home, for a business venture or just to spend a vacation. Anytime you decide to go to this city, there is a wide selection of Jersey City hotels you can choose from.

At current, the most protected investment of City is its children. There is a wide range of academic institutions here, most of which pay tribute to higher education. Some of the notable schools include New Jersey City University, Hudson County Community College and St. Peter’s College. There is also the University of New Jersey and the University of Phoenix & Rutgers. Parents who have children enrolled in any of these educational institutions can visit their kids anytime by booking into one of the cheap City hotels nearby.

City also offers an endless assortment of attractions and activities. Experience the nightlife; check out the art galleries and the theaters; visit the parks and be a part of everything great about this city. Some of the parks to visit include Liberty State Park and Lincoln Park. Entertainment venues include the Regal Hudson Cinemas, the Hudson Repertory Dance Theater, the Art House Productions, 58 Gallery and more. If you’re with kids, try taking a ferry ride through historic Ellis Island, check out the Liberty Science Center and have lunch by the Owen Grundy Pier. After a whole day of activities, relax and unwind in the comforts of one of the best luxury or cheap Jersey City hotels.

Red Carpet Inn – This cheap Jersey City hotel is situated near most New York attractions like Broadway and Times Square. It is about 10 miles from the Liberty Science Center and the Statue of Liberty. Rooms are equipped with refrigerators, 27-inch TVs with Cable, direct dial phones, microwave units and more. For a nightly rate starting at $52, continental breakfast is free.

Econo Lodge – This is one of the most in demand cheap Jersey City hotels. It is conveniently set about 5 mi. from Manhattan and about 8 mi. from the Newark International Airport. It is also near the Lincoln Tunnel, Times Square and Giants Stadium. Rooms have clock radios, air conditioning units and microwave ovens. For a nightly rate of $53, it includes a free continental breakfast.

Lower Your Property Tax Bill – A New Year's Resolution You Can Keep

For many, the beginning of a new year signals a time to make some sort of change in their lives and become more like their ideal selves. For others, January signals the time to make a different kind of change, one that is much easier to make: trimming their property tax bill. The tax appeal process in New Jersey involves a number of steps and using an experienced property tax attorney to lead you through the process that will make that New Year's resolution much easier to keep.

Since tax appeal season in New Jersey is toward the beginning of the year, lowering your property taxes is a perfect New Year's resolution. Toward the end of January of each year, every New Jersey property owner is expected to receive their annual assessment. That's the little green card that comes from the tax assessor's office. Since all properties within a particular municipality in New Jersey are taxed at the same rate, it is the assessment which differentiates one property owner's tax bill from another and is the real measure of whether a property is being taxed fairly or not. The period in which one can generally appeal an assessment in New Jersey is from the time the assessment is received until April 1 (May 1 if there was a reassessment or revaluation).

The first step to understanding whether you are being taxed too much is understanding how your property is being valued.

In New Jersey, your assessment is the value at which your property was appraised at the time of the last revaluation. Although the amount at which the municipality values ​​your property changes from year to year, your assessment typically remains the same. Every year, each municipality in New Jersey is assigned an "equalization ratio," which is intended to reflect the current value of the properties in a particular jurisdiction in relation to their value in year of the valuation.

You can find your municipality's equalization ration by calling your town's tax assessor or the county tax board. It can also be found at the New Jersey Division of Taxation website. The "average ratio" is the percentage of "true value" that your assessment is deemed to be. In other words, divide your assessment by the equalization ratio to obtain the true valuation of your property. This is the number your assessor is actually using to compute your property tax, not your assessment.

For many people, the decision about whether they should appeal their assessment is an easy one once they realize the actual valuation of their property. For others, especially people who have owned a property for a long time and have not been thinking about buying or selling, the question of whether to appeal an assessment is less clear.

Here are several rules of thumb to consider in deciding whether to appeal your assessment:

  • As your assessment gets older and your equalization ratio gets lower, there is greater likelihood that your assessment has fallen out of line with your property's actual value.
  • Conversely, when an equalization rises above 100% because property values ​​have fallen (as they have in recent years), that means that on average, properties are overassessed in those municipalities. The property owner still bears the burden of proving that their particular property is overassessed but an average ratio of over 100% is a good indicator of overassessment.
  • When you live in a development or neighborhood where properties are very similar, and prices have dropped significantly, your individual property value has probably declined and your assessment and equalization ratio may not have kept pace.
  • Whenever a property has unique characteristics that make it very different from those nearby, there is often a case to be made for reducing the assessment. For example, a very large old home in a neighborhood of smaller, newer homes will often be assessed as a larger home with the characteristics of the surrounding areas. In fact, such homes tend to be more difficult to sell and often lower lower assessments.

The next step in the process for individuals is to decide whether they want to work with an attorney in this process. While corporations and other legal entities must be represented by an attorney under New Jersey law, an individual homeowner may represent himself or herself. Neverheless, there are very good reasons to consider retaining one:

  • Many lawyers work on a contingency basis so that there are no legal fees without your taxes are reduced. There are certain fixed out-of-pocket expenses that the property owner pays but the lawyer receives a percentage of the tax savings if, and only if, the appeal is successful.
  • A lawyer working on a contingency basis should provide a free consultation and do his or her own independent research to determine whether an appeal is likely to succeed. If a lawyer does not return calls and take the time to tell you why they believe your assessment should be reduced, it is a signal to look elsewhere.
  • Most of all, there is the convenience of having an experienced professional handle your case. You do not have to worry about any of the rules which can be burdensome and, frankly arbitrary. (For example, property tax ideals can be dismissed if the petition is not printed on legal paper). You do not have to testify at a hearing, which is usually unfamiliar and uncomfortable for the homeowner.
  • Many people believe you will end up with a better result when you are represented by a lawyer. This extra savings year after year more than offsets the lawyer's fee.

Take for example the case of Stephen and Rachel Pineles, who decided to appeal the assessment on their Essex County New Jersey home in 2010. "My town had not had a revaluation in over twenty years and my assessment was outrageously high in comparison with the actual value of my home, "said Stephen Pineles. "Hiring an attorney to handle the property tax appeal was definitely the right decision for me. much better settlement and my property taxes were reduced by over $ 3700 or almost 30% of my tax bill. "

As with anything else, there is some amount of risk in appealing your assessment. In New Jersey, if your case is unsuccessful, you will not recover your out-of-pocket expenses. In addition, under New Jersey law, your assessor has the right to argument that your assessment is too low. This right is limited, however, to cases where your property is undervalued by a measure of 15%. If your property's assessment divided by the equalization ratio is $ 100,000, the assessor can only argue that assessment should be increased if he or she can prove your property is really worth at least $ 115,000. If your attorney has done his research well and has determined that there is a good case for lowering your assessment, it is illegally to happen.

As the new year begins, in addition to some of the more difficult goals and changes people contemplate, it may be worthwhile to consider trying to lower your tax bill. It could be one of the easiest and most profitable resolutions you make.

Putting the New in Jersey-Themed Gift Baskets

As you ponder what sort of gift basket fillers will inspire the latest trends in the business of New Jersey-inspired themes, you may want to do a bit of background research on this Mid-Atlantic and Northeastern destination. The state is surrounded by the likes of grand cities, such as New York, Delaware, Pennsylvania, and the Atlantic Ocean. Often, the state shares tourist and commuter visits from those who jump from New York to New Jersey by way of tunnel transport. So, what exactly has people flocking to the state that serves as home to locations, such as Newark (the largest city), Jersey City (with its Holland Tunnel gateway to Manhattan), and Paterson?

Newark is home to almost 300,000 residents, showingcases attractions that range from Art Deco buildings to Gothic architecture to one of the best Tibetan art collections in the world. To pay homage to the Newark Museum, which is home to an assortment of intriguing art, you may present a gift basket featuring Tibetan herbal tea and accessories; homemade bead jewelry kits, or a collection of American art postcards.

Jersey City is the second largest location in the state and serves as a place of residence for celebrities and notables personalities, such as actor, Nathan Lane (from the Producers) and the infamous entrepreneur, Martha Stewart. The Stewart-Inspired gift basket may explore different themes, such as gardening, cooking, baking, or household repair.

Paterson, New Jersey is home to about 150,000 residents, where the Great Falls Historic District brings in plenty of tourists through the years. Here, it is the Eastside Park Historic District that satisfies an architecture lovers' desire. Close to 1,000 Tudor-style, Georgian colonies, Victorian, and Dutch colonial homes are located in this part of the city. Housewarming gift baskets decorated in common Paterson architectural styles may capture the interest of consumers.

While the three largest cities in New Jersey certainly bring in the outside interest, it is probably Atlantic City that has gained the most attention throughout the state. It is here that the infamous Boardwalk is located, as well as an assortment of notable casinos and amusing attractions. This resort area can be found off of the Atlantic Ocean coast, providing access to entertainment gems, such as Harrah's, Caesar's, Resorts, Showboat, Tropicana, Trump Taj Mahal, and the Trump Marina. Casino inspired gift baskets may utilize gold dust, colorful confetti, and gambling chips to further decoration. A few themes to consider include the Good Luck gift basket (filled with chocolate horseshoe and rabbit's foot keychain) and the Poker Paradise theme (containing tools to hold a friendly game at home).

Additional gift basket ideas to explore may take advantage of the following facts: the popular TV series, The Sopranos was associated with Atlantic City; some of the actual attacks that inspired the shark-related book, Jaws, took place off the Jersey Shore; the state insect is the honeybee; the state animal is the horse; and the state fruit is the blueberry.

Defending a Charge of Public Urination

In some towns in New Jersey, charges of public urination are rare. In other towns with a lot of bars such as Seaside Heights, Belmar, Newark, etc., the charges may be very common. The penalties vary depending on the town and the circumstances of the offense. Having such a charge on your record could cause a problem for you, especially if you have a job that requires a spotless background. Thus, it may be wise to consult with an attorney before going to court.

Since each town writes their own charge, there may be some unique defenses depending on how the charge is written. One option is to argue that the charge is not legal either in the way it was passed by the town, by the way it was written or by the way it was applied. An attorney would have to carefully review the charge before it can be determined if these defenses would apply.

Many of these charges do not apply to private property that is either owned by the defendant or where the owner consents to the conduct. Of course, no one is going to consent to this conduct but an argument can be made that this an element of the charge that the State needs to prove. Thus, if they cannot produce the owner, there is no conviction.

You may want to also consider a plea to avoid more serious charges or to avoid having a public urination charge on your record. In State v. Laymon, 239 Neb. 80 (1991).the court found that evidence of public urination was also sufficient to sustain a conviction for indecent exposure. The State can bring these charges weeks or months after you are charged for public urination. Furthermore, you can work out a deal to plea to another charge to get the public urination charge off of your record.

As a result of all of the above, you may want to think twice before you handle your New Jersey Public urination charge by yourself.

Know About Registered Nurse Schools in New Jersey

A registered nurse in New Jersey must be thoroughly competent in nursing care and services. The state Board of Nursing also requires registered professional nurse to be able to make safe decisions while delegating tasks to licensed nurses, nursing aides, technicians, caregivers and other ancillary nurses, and supervising their works. They must also be capable of preparing patient care plans, assessing nursing needs, the implementation, and evaluation of the care.

There are multiple paths to get registered nurse education in the state. These tracks not only offer nursing competencies, but also provide eligibility to take the National Licensing Exam for RN (NCLEX – RN). The paths that can lead to licure include generic baccalaureate degree programs, Associate degree programs, and Diploma Programs. Currently, there are 18 Associate Degree programs, 18 Baccalaureate Schools, 7 Diploma Schools, 42 Vocational Schools, and 1 Entry-Level MSN – Nursing Program in New Jersey. These programs are approved by the New Jersey Board of Nursing.

The students can enroll in Registered Nurses Schools in New Jersey for these diploma and degree programs. These schools are licensed by New Jersey Commission on Higher Education (NJCHE) for providing degrees. It must be noted that only accredited programs that are granted provisional accreditation are eligible to admit students. However, the state law requires programs to complete few conditions to receive the accreditation and permission to admit students. These prerequisites include graduation of the first class, passing the licensing exam the first time by seventy-five percent first or second graduating class appearing for the exam, and submission of a self-study report by the Board showing the compliance of the state's Administrative Code (NJAC) requirements.

NJAC further requires that there must be a program administrator for every nursing programs. The qualifications of these administrators include a master's degree with an earned doctor degree or a doctor degree in nursing, and, administrator for Associate degree must hold a master's degree in nursing, in addition to qualifications included in the Administrative code. The programs must meet the accredited agencies requirements or must be accredited by the Nursing Accrediting Commission (NLNAC) or the Commission on Collegiate Nursing Education (CCNE). The program curriculum includes various general education and nursing courses, in addition to the nursing practice act, and Organ and tissue donation and recovery.

The students seeking RN licensure must meet the licensing requirements of New Jersey law and pass the NCLEX-RN after completing the chosen programs successfully. The students can also apply for state, federal, and private foundation financial aids contracting of loans, grants, and scholarships.

The students can also apply for various state, federal, and private foundation scholarships, grants, and loans to complete their education.